Unsurpassed A1C Data

Victoza® is unsurpassed in reducing A1C across multiple clinical trials

In head-to-head studies of adults with type 2 diabetes

Victoza® consistently outperformed Januvia® and demonstrated unsurpassed A1C reductions vs Trulicity®1-3

After 26 weeks

Victoza® vs Januvia®

Baseline A1C
8.4% to 8.5%

A1C reduction chart: Victoza® vs Januvia®

Studied in adults with type 2 diabetes taking metformin.

After 26 weeks

Victoza® vs Trulicity®b

Baseline A1C
8.1%

A1C reduction chart: Victoza Vs Trulicity Chart

Studied in adults with type 2 diabetes taking OADs. Upper limit of the 95% CI (-0.19; 0.07) was less than prespecified noninferiority margin of 0.4%.

After 26 weeks

Switch to Victoza® after Januvia®

Baseline A1C
8.2% to 8.3%

Switch to Victoza® after Januvia® A1C chart

Studied in adults with type 2 diabetes taking metformin.
a
P<0.0001 vs Januvia®.
bStudy sponsored by Eli Lilly and Company.

In addition to unsurpassed A1C reductions, Victoza® offers CV risk reduction in patients with established CVD

Study-related adverse events

Pratley (1860)1

Pratley (1860)1

In a 26-week open-label study (N=665) comparing Victoza® 1.2 mg, and sitagliptin 100 mg, all in combination with metformin, the adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of patients treated with Victoza® were nausea (23.9% vs 4.6%), headache (10.3% vs 10.0%), diarrhea (9.3% vs 4.6%), and vomiting (8.7% vs 4.1%).


AWARD-62

AWARD-62

The most common adverse events occurring in 5% or more of patients in the treatment groups combined (Victoza® 1.8 mg vs dulaglutide 1.5 mg): nausea (18% vs 20%); diarrhea (12% vs 12%); vomiting (8% vs 7%); dyspepsia (6% vs 8%); constipation (6% vs 4%); nasopharyngitis (7% vs 8%); headache (8% vs 7%); back pain (5% vs 4%); decreased appetite (7% vs 5%); and minor hypoglycemia (6% vs 9%). No major hypoglycemia occurred.


Bailey (LIRA-SWITCH)3

Bailey (LIRA-SWITCH)3

The adverse events most commonly reported in ≥5% of patients treated with Victoza® 1.8 mg vs Januvia® 100 mg, both in combination with metformin, were nausea (21.8% vs 7.8%), diarrhea (16.3% vs 9.3%), decreased appetite (8.9% vs 3.4%), vomiting (7.4% vs 4.9%), headache (6.4% vs 5.9%), nasopharyngitis (5.9% vs 3.4%), and increased lipase (5.5% vs 4.4%).

Change the course of treatment with Victoza® for your patients with T2D and established CVD

Get CV and A1C benefits with the #1 prescribed GLP-1 RA therapy4

Additional benefit of weight loss

Across clinical studies, some adult patients with type 2 diabetes experienced an additional benefit of reductions in weight

Victoza® is not indicated for chronic weight management, and weight change was a secondary endpoint in clinical trials.

Landmark CVOT

The LEADER outcome trial showed Victoza® was proven to reduce CV risk5

Prescribing and dosing

Learn how to start and titrate patients on Victoza®

Study designs

Pratley (1860)1A 26-week, open-label, active-comparator, 3-armed, parallel-group trial to compare the efficacy and safety of Victoza® with sitagliptin for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin (N=665) were randomized to receive once-daily Victoza® 1.2 mg (n=225), Victoza® 1.8 mg (n=221), or sitagliptin 100 mg (n=219). The primary outcome was change in A1C.

AWARD-62: A 26-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, multicenter (62 sites), multinational (9 countries), phase 3, noninferiority study. Patients were included based on the following criteria: adults with type 2 diabetes, treated with metformin, A1C of 7% to 10%, and a BMI of up to 45 kg/m2. Patients (N=599) were randomized to receive once-weekly Trulicity® 1.5 mg (n=299) or once-daily Victoza® 1.8 mg (n=300). The primary endpoint was change in A1C. Study sponsored by Eli Lilly and Company.

Bailey (LIRA-SWITCH)3: A 26-week, randomized, parallel group, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled study to compare efficacy and safety in patients switching from Januvia® 100 mg to Victoza® 1.8 mg with patients who stayed on Januvia®. Patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin (≥1500 mg/day) and Januvia® (100 mg/day) for at least 90 days prior to screening (N=407) were randomized 1:1 to switch to once-daily Victoza® 1.8 mg in addition to a Januvia® placebo or continued Januvia® 100 mg in addition to a Victoza® placebo, both in combination with metformin. The primary endpoint was a change in A1C.


CVD=cardiovascular disease; DPP-4=dipeptidyl peptidase-4; GLP-1 RA=glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist; OAD=oral antidiabetic drug.


References:

  1. Pratley RE, Nauck M, Bailey T, et al; for the 1860-LIRA-DPP-4 Study Group. Liraglutide versus sitagliptin for patients with type 2 diabetes who did not have adequate glycaemic control with metformin: a 26-week, randomised, parallel-group, open-label trial. Lancet. 2010;375(9724):1447-1456.
  2. Dungan KM, Povedano ST, Forst T, et al. Once-weekly dulaglutide versus once-daily liraglutide in metformin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes (AWARD-6): a randomised, open-label, phase 3, non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2014;384(9951):1349-1357.
  3. Bailey TS, Takács R, Tinahones FJ, et al. Efficacy and safety of switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide in subjects with type 2 diabetes (LIRA-SWITCH™): a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled 26-week trial [published online ahead of print July 6, 2016]. Diabetes Obes Metab. doi:10.1111/dom.12736.
  4. Internal calculations based on IMS MIDAS database, April 2017.
  5. Marso SP, Daniels GH, Brown-Frandsen K, et al; the LEADER Steering Committee on behalf of the LEADER Trial Investigators. Liraglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(4):311-322.

Selected Important Safety Information

WARNING: RISK OF THYROID C-CELL TUMORS

  • Liraglutide causes dose-dependent and treatment-duration-dependent thyroid C-cell tumors at clinically relevant exposures in both genders of rats and mice. It is unknown whether Victoza® causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), in humans, as the human relevance of liraglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined.
  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC and in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2). Counsel patients regarding the potential risk for MTC with the use of Victoza® and inform them of symptoms of thyroid tumors (eg, a mass in the neck, dysphagia, dyspnea, persistent hoarseness). Routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with Victoza®.

Indications and Limitations of Use

Victoza® (liraglutide) injection 1.2 mg or 1.8 mg is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (CV death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or non-fatal stroke) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus and established CV disease.

  • Victoza® is not a substitute for insulin and should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Concurrent use with prandial insulin has not been studied.

Important Safety Information

WARNING: RISK OF THYROID C-CELL TUMORS

  • Liraglutide causes dose-dependent and treatment-duration-dependent thyroid C-cell tumors at clinically relevant exposures in both genders of rats and mice. It is unknown whether Victoza® causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), in humans, as the human relevance of liraglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined.
  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC and in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2). Counsel patients regarding the potential risk for MTC with the use of Victoza® and inform them of symptoms of thyroid tumors (eg, a mass in the neck, dysphagia, dyspnea, persistent hoarseness). Routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with Victoza®.

Contraindications

  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC or in patients with MEN 2, and in patients with a prior serious hypersensitivity reaction to Victoza® or to any of the product components. Serious hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylactic reactions and angioedema have been reported with Victoza®.

Warnings and Precautions

  • Risk of Thyroid C-cell Tumors: Patients should be referred to an endocrinologist for further evaluation if serum calcitonin is measured and found to be elevated or thyroid nodules are noted on physical examination or neck imaging.
  • Pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis, including fatal and nonfatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis, has been observed in patients treated with Victoza® postmarketing. Observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis (persistent severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back with or without vomiting). If pancreatitis is suspected, discontinue Victoza® promptly and if pancreatitis is confirmed, do not restart. Victoza® has been studied in a limited number of patients with a history of pancreatitis. It is unknown if patients with a history of pancreatitis are at a higher risk for development of pancreatitis on Victoza®.
  • Never Share a Victoza® Pen Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Pen-sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
  • Hypoglycemia: When Victoza® is used with an insulin secretagogue (eg, a sulfonylurea) or insulin, serious hypoglycemia can occur. Consider lowering the dose of the insulin secretagogue or insulin to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Renal Impairment: Acute renal failure and worsening of chronic renal failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis, have been reported postmarketing, usually in association with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration. Use caution when initiating or escalating doses of Victoza® in patients with renal impairment.
  • Hypersensitivity Reactions: Serious hypersensitivity reactions (eg, anaphylaxis and angioedema) have been reported post-marketing. If symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions occur, patients must stop taking Victoza®; treat promptly per standard of care, and monitor until signs and symptoms resolve.  Do not use in patients with a previous hypersensitivity reaction to Victoza®. Anaphylaxis and angioedema have been reported with other GLP-1 receptor agonists.  Use caution in a patient with a history of anaphylaxis or angioedema with another GLP-receptor agonist because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to these reactions with Victoza®.
  • Acute Gallbladder Disease: In the LEADER trial, 3.1% of Victoza® vs. 1.9% of placebo-treated patients reported an acute event of gallbladder disease, such as cholelithiasis or cholecystitis. The majority of events required hospitalization or cholecystectomy. If cholelithiasis is suspected, gallbladder studies and appropriate clinical follow up are indicated.

Adverse Reactions

  • The most common adverse reactions, reported in ≥5% of patients treated with Victoza® and more commonly than in patients treated with placebo, are nausea, diarrhea, headache, vomiting, decreased appetite, dyspepsia, and constipation. Immunogenicity-related events, including urticaria, were more common among Victoza®-treated patients (0.8%) than among comparator-treated patients (0.4%) in clinical trials.

Drug Interactions

  • Victoza® causes a delay of gastric emptying and has the potential to impact the absorption of concomitantly administered oral medications. Caution should be exercised when oral medications are concomitantly administered with Victoza®.

Use in Specific Populations

  • Victoza® has not been studied in patients with type 2 diabetes below 18 years of age and is not recommended for use in pediatric patients.
  • Victoza® slows gastric emptying. Victoza® has not been studied in patients with pre-existing gastroparesis.
  • Victoza® should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Additional Important Safety Information

In 5 placebo-controlled clinical trials of at least 26 weeks’ duration, hypoglycemia requiring the assistance of another person for treatment occurred in 8 Victoza®-treated patients (7.5 events per 1000 patient-years). Of these 8 Victoza®-treated patients, 7 patients were concomitantly using a sulfonylurea.

In the pool of 5 placebo-controlled clinical trials, withdrawals due to gastrointestinal adverse reactions occurred in 4.3% of Victoza®- treated patients and 0.5% of placebo-treated patients. Withdrawal due to gastrointestinal adverse events mainly occurred during the first 2 to 3 months of the trials.

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