Special Populations

Victoza® was studied in patients with mild to severe renal impairmenta

In the Victoza® arm of the LEADER trial, no overall differences in safety or efficacy were seen in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal function compared to those with normal renal function.1


aMild renal impairment=eGFR 60 to ≤89 mL/min/1.73m2; moderate renal impairment=eGFR 30-59 mL/min/1.73m2, severe renal impairment=eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2.

Nearly 40% of patients with type 2 diabetes may develop renal impairment2

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No dosage adjustment recommended for patients with renal impairment

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Mild

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Moderate

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Severe

There is limited experience with Victoza® in patients with end stage renal disease. There have been postmarketing reports of acute renal failure and worsening of chronic renal failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis.

Victoza® has not been found to be directly nephrotoxic in animal studies or clinical trials. There have been postmarketing reports of acute renal failure and worsening of chronic renal failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis in Victoza®-treated patients. Some of these events were reported in patients without known underlying renal disease. A majority of the reported events occurred in patients who had experienced nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration.

Victoza® is not filtered by the kidneys3

In the LIRA-RENAL study, Victoza® showed no significant difference in renal function vs placebo as measured by eGFR4

Change from average baseline eGFR of 45 mL/min/1.73 m2:

-0.35 mL/min/1.73m2

with Victoza® 1.8 mg (P=0.36)


+0.37 mL/min/1.73m2

with placebo

For adult patients with type 2 diabetes and moderatea renal impairment,

Victoza® provided significant A1C reductions and the additional benefit of weight loss over 26 weeks4

Average A1C reductions

From mean baseline 8.1% at 26 weeks

A1C reduction chart

Average weight loss

From mean baseline 208 lb at 26 weeks

Weight loss chart

Victoza® is not indicated for chronic weight management, and weight change was a secondary endpoint in clinical trials.

aMild renal impairment=eGFR 60 to ≤89 mL/min/1.73m2; moderate renal impairment=eGFR 30-59 mL/min/1.73m2, severe renal impairment=eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73m2.

bP<0.0001.

Study-related adverse events

Davies (LIRA-RENAL)4

Davies (LIRA-RENAL)3

Adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of patients and occurring more frequently with Victoza® compared with placebo included nausea (21.4% vs 4.4%), vomiting (12.1% vs 2.2%), diarrhea (7.1% vs 2.9%), constipation (5.7% vs 1.5%), increased lipase (15.0% vs 8.8%), GFR rate decreased (6.4% vs 5.1%), and headache (5.0% vs 2.9%).

Change the course of treatment with Victoza® for your patients with T2D and established CVD

Unsurpassed A1C

Victoza® provided A1C reductions across multiple clinical studies

Landmark CVOT

The LEADER CV outcomes trial showed Victoza® was proven to reduce CV risk2

Prescribing and dosing

Learn how to start and titrate patients on Victoza®


eGFR=estimated glomerular filtration rate.


Study design

Davies (LIRA-RENAL)4: A 26-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomized study in adult patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate renal impairment (eGFR 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m2). Patients were randomized to receive Victoza® 1.8 mg (n=140) or placebo (n=139) in addition to existing oral antidiabetics and/or insulin therapy. The primary endpoint was change in A1C.    


References:

  1. Marso SP, Daniels GH, Brown-Frandsen K, et al; the LEADER Steering Committee on behalf of the LEADER Trial Investigators. Liraglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(4):311-322.
  2. Bailey C, Day C. Diabetes therapies in renal impairment. Br J Diabetes Vasc Dis. 2012;12(4):167-171.
  3. Malm-Erjefält M, Bjørnsdottir I, Vanggaard J. Metabolism and excretion of the once-daily human glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide in healthy male subjects and its in vitro degradation by dipeptidyl peptidase IV and neutral endopeptidase. Drug Metab Dispos. 2010;38(11):1944-1953.
  4. Davies MJ, Bain SC, Atkin SL, et al. Efficacy and safety of liraglutide versus placebo as add-on to glucose-lowering therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate renal impairment (LIRA-RENAL): a randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(2):222-230.



Selected Important Safety Information

WARNING: RISK OF THYROID C-CELL TUMORS

  • Liraglutide causes dose-dependent and treatment-duration-dependent thyroid C-cell tumors at clinically relevant exposures in both genders of rats and mice. It is unknown whether Victoza® causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), in humans, as the human relevance of liraglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined.
  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC and in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2). Counsel patients regarding the potential risk for MTC with the use of Victoza® and inform them of symptoms of thyroid tumors (eg, a mass in the neck, dysphagia, dyspnea, persistent hoarseness). Routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with Victoza®.

Indications and Limitations of Use

Victoza® (liraglutide) injection 1.2 mg or 1.8 mg is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (CV death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or non-fatal stroke) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus and established CV disease.

  • Victoza® is not a substitute for insulin and should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Concurrent use with prandial insulin has not been studied.

Important Safety Information

WARNING: RISK OF THYROID C-CELL TUMORS

  • Liraglutide causes dose-dependent and treatment-duration-dependent thyroid C-cell tumors at clinically relevant exposures in both genders of rats and mice. It is unknown whether Victoza® causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), in humans, as the human relevance of liraglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined.
  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC and in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2). Counsel patients regarding the potential risk for MTC with the use of Victoza® and inform them of symptoms of thyroid tumors (eg, a mass in the neck, dysphagia, dyspnea, persistent hoarseness). Routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with Victoza®.

Contraindications

  • Victoza® is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC or in patients with MEN 2, and in patients with a prior serious hypersensitivity reaction to Victoza® or to any of the product components. Serious hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylactic reactions and angioedema have been reported with Victoza®.

Warnings and Precautions

  • Risk of Thyroid C-cell Tumors: Patients should be referred to an endocrinologist for further evaluation if serum calcitonin is measured and found to be elevated or thyroid nodules are noted on physical examination or neck imaging.
  • Pancreatitis: Acute pancreatitis, including fatal and nonfatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis, has been observed in patients treated with Victoza® postmarketing. Observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis (persistent severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back with or without vomiting). If pancreatitis is suspected, discontinue Victoza® promptly and if pancreatitis is confirmed, do not restart. Victoza® has been studied in a limited number of patients with a history of pancreatitis. It is unknown if patients with a history of pancreatitis are at a higher risk for development of pancreatitis on Victoza®.
  • Never Share a Victoza® Pen Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Pen-sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
  • Hypoglycemia: When Victoza® is used with an insulin secretagogue (eg, a sulfonylurea) or insulin, serious hypoglycemia can occur. Consider lowering the dose of the insulin secretagogue or insulin to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Renal Impairment: Acute renal failure and worsening of chronic renal failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis, have been reported postmarketing, usually in association with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration. Use caution when initiating or escalating doses of Victoza® in patients with renal impairment.
  • Hypersensitivity Reactions: Serious hypersensitivity reactions (eg, anaphylaxis and angioedema) have been reported post-marketing. If symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions occur, patients must stop taking Victoza®; treat promptly per standard of care, and monitor until signs and symptoms resolve.  Do not use in patients with a previous hypersensitivity reaction to Victoza®. Anaphylaxis and angioedema have been reported with other GLP-1 receptor agonists.  Use caution in a patient with a history of anaphylaxis or angioedema with another GLP-receptor agonist because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to these reactions with Victoza®.
  • Acute Gallbladder Disease: In the LEADER trial, 3.1% of Victoza® vs. 1.9% of placebo-treated patients reported an acute event of gallbladder disease, such as cholelithiasis or cholecystitis. The majority of events required hospitalization or cholecystectomy. If cholelithiasis is suspected, gallbladder studies and appropriate clinical follow up are indicated.

Adverse Reactions

  • The most common adverse reactions, reported in ≥5% of patients treated with Victoza® and more commonly than in patients treated with placebo, are nausea, diarrhea, headache, vomiting, decreased appetite, dyspepsia, and constipation. Immunogenicity-related events, including urticaria, were more common among Victoza®-treated patients (0.8%) than among comparator-treated patients (0.4%) in clinical trials.

Drug Interactions

  • Victoza® causes a delay of gastric emptying and has the potential to impact the absorption of concomitantly administered oral medications. Caution should be exercised when oral medications are concomitantly administered with Victoza®.

Use in Specific Populations

  • Victoza® has not been studied in patients with type 2 diabetes below 18 years of age and is not recommended for use in pediatric patients.
  • Victoza® slows gastric emptying. Victoza® has not been studied in patients with pre-existing gastroparesis.
  • Victoza® should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Additional Important Safety Information

In 5 placebo-controlled clinical trials of at least 26 weeks’ duration, hypoglycemia requiring the assistance of another person for treatment occurred in 8 Victoza®-treated patients (7.5 events per 1000 patient-years). Of these 8 Victoza®-treated patients, 7 patients were concomitantly using a sulfonylurea.

In the pool of 5 placebo-controlled clinical trials, withdrawals due to gastrointestinal adverse reactions occurred in 4.3% of Victoza®- treated patients and 0.5% of placebo-treated patients. Withdrawal due to gastrointestinal adverse events mainly occurred during the first 2 to 3 months of the trials.

Please click here for full Prescribing Information including Boxed Warning.